A beekeeper is also known as an apiarist. In addition to providing a home for a colony of bees and collecting honey, an apiarist maintains the bees' health and productivity, feeding and treating the hive when problems arise.
Though some keep bees as a hobby, many professional apiarists work with commercial farmers. Their responsibilities may include the oversight of large-scale hives that provide honey and related products, such as beeswax and royal jelly. These professional apiarists also may provide a seasonal pollination service, through which they supply bees to farmers who grow vegetables and fruits that must be pollinated to produce a crop.